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Legal & Fiscal

Beginning with August 1st 2010, the Register of Intra Community Operators is being set up

On June 23rd 2010, the Emergency Ordinance no 54/2010 has been adopted, stipulating some measures to fight against tax evasion, ordinance that brings amendments to the Fiscal Code in force. The Ordinance was published in the Official Gazette no. 421 of June 23rd, 2010.

The stated purpose for these changes is the registration and removal from the taxpayers records of those who are carrying out Intra Community trade particularly Intra Community acquisitions of goods, to reduce tax evasion on VAT.

Thus, beginning with August 1st, 2010, the National Tax Administration Agency sets up and organizes the Register of Intra Community Operators that includes all taxable persons and non-taxable legal entities carrying out intra community operations, such as : read more»

New registered companies don't pay minimum tax in 2010

As by the application rules of the Romanian Tax Code, the companies founded in 2010 pay income tax but do not pay the minimum tax.

This provision is included in art.11^6 of the Implementing Rules of the Tax Code for Article 18:

"11^6. Taxpayers established during the year are not entering under the provisions of Art. 18 para. (2) for the year wehen they are registered at the Trade Registry, but they are required to determine the income tax as by the provisions of Title II "Tax profits" of the Tax Code."

VAT payment after receipt of the amounts

Romanian Senate approved in March 2010 the Law stipulating that corporate taxpayers will have the possibility to pay VAT resulting from the issuing of the invoice to customers within 30 days from receipt of the amounts and not until the 25th of the month following the month in which the invoice was issued.

This amendment is contrary to the European Directive 112/2006, which states as a general rule that the payment liability appears at the time of the delivery of goods, at the date of services provisioning and on the date of receipt of advance payments before delivery or performance.

However, notwithstanding the general rule regarding the generator event and VAT payment, at art. 66 from the European Directive 112, there is stated that EU Member States may stipulate that VAT becomes chargeable for certain transactions or certain categories of taxable persons, the latest at the payment date. read more»

The return of technical unemployment - 90 days exemptions for social security contributions

The Romanian Government decided to offer starting with 1st of February 2010, another period of three months of technical unemployment during which the social charges for the employees will not be paid, but the employers have to certify the difficult period of their company by giving a statutory declarations. These companies will be periodically checked by ANAF.

The new period of technical unemployment will be applied from February 2010 but not later than December 31, 2010. During the suspension of the individual employment contract the employees and the employers (of those employees) are exempt from paying social security contributions for no more than 90 days. read more»

The Annual financial statements for 2009 are submitted only to the Trade Register

In January 28, 2006 was published the Law 441/2006, which amended the Law. 31/1990 on trading companies introducing new measures on the submission of annual financial statements. Although initially the measures should have been applied from January 1st, 2007, its implementation was delayed until January 1, 2010. Thus, since 2010, the annual financial statements and related addendums in Romania will be submitted only to the Trade Register Office.

According to the existing notification on Trade Register's website “annual financial statements for 2009 are submitted only in the county offices of the Trade Register respectively in the Trade Register Office of Bucharest. " read more»

The Minimum Tax or Lump Tax in 2010. Evolution and Expectations

In 2010, in addition to the minimum tax that has got no economical logic, the tax system for micro-enterprises in Romania was adjusted as well, from an income tax based on applying a rate of 3% on revenue, to the implementation of an income tax with a rate of 16%, even further burdening these enterprises that have been already affected by the global economic crisis.

I believe that eliminating the income taxation of micro-enterprises and keeping the minimum tax which, I repeat, has no economical logic, will substantially contribute to the suspension or closure of many companies and certainly the growth of tax evasion in 2010. read more»

New regulations regarding the registration of individual employment contracts

Under current legislation, employers in Romania are required to register the individual employment contracts at Labor Inspectorates within 20 calendar days from their closing and to transmit them to the General Registry of Evidence of Employees within 5 days.

Due to some new regulations, as a measure against tax evasion, the Labor Ministry published the GD. 37/2010 on January 20th, 2010 which states that employers must register in the General Registry of Evidence of Employees the employment contracts and the identification data of employees - name, surname, personal identification number, date of employment, position, type of contract - not later than the previous day of the beginning of work by the employee. The employment contract must be submitted online or presented at the Labor Inspectorate on the same date, the term of 5 days given to employers to communicate this information at the Labor Inspectorates being eliminated. read more»

Starting with January 1, 2010 micro-enterprises no longer exist in Romania

According to the communication of the Ministry of Public Finance of Romania, on January 27, 2010, starting with January 1, 2010, the provisions of Title IV ‘Taxes on the Income of Micro-enterprises ", the application regulations, as well as other provisions incident to this system, are not longer produceing legal effects.

In accordance with the provisions of Art. 107 of Law no. 571/2003 regarding the Fiscal Code, the taxation system for micro-enterprises had a limited application in time, ending on December 31, 2009, by way of regulating tax rates only for the years 2007-2009. read more»

New regulations in the activity of the Romanian Trade Registry

On December 29th, 2009 the Romanian Government issued the Emergency Order number 16 ofor the establishment of new measures for registrations in the Trade Registry, legal provision published in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 926 of December 30rd, 2009.

This emergency ordinance shall enter into force 15 days after its publication in the Official Gazette and applied until the publishing of the regulation of registration made by commercial registers. Within 6 months from the effective date of this Emergency Ordinance, the Government will adopt the proposal of the Ministry of Justice, for the law on the establishment, organization and operation of the profession of commercial registrator.

The legal provision comes as a result of crowded courts with a large number of cases and procedures related to business flow. read more»

How can we use the tax exemption for the reinvested profit?

In the Romanian Official Gazette No.761 of November 9, 2009 was published the Law nr.329 of 05.11.2009 amending the Tax Code with an new Article, namely Article 19.2 paragraph (1) which states a tax exemption on the reinvested profit.

Thus, by law, the profit invested in the production and/or acquisition of equipment (machinery, equipment and work facilities), as stated in subgroup 2.1 of the “Catalogue on classification and normal periods of operating fixed assets, used in order to obtain taxable income” is exempt from tax.

The exemption from tax applies only to assets considered new, by this understanding that they were not used before the publication of these provisions.

Profit invested under Law 329 of November 9, 2009, represents the balance of the profit and loss account, representing the cumulative accounting profit from the beginning of the year and is used within the year when the investment is made. read more»

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