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Changes in social contributions in Bulgaria in the beginning of 2009

Changes in the social insurance and tax burden in Bulgaria which took place at the beginning of 2009 include a decrease in the mandatory pension contributions owed by employer and employee and an increase in the mandatory health contributions. The reference income maximum remains the same as last year, or BGN 2000. It was brought to that level in 2008, after being fixed at BGN 1400 in August 2007. The 10% proportional income tax for employees remains the same.

As a result of these changes the social insurance and tax burden for gross salaries of up to BGN 2000 has fallen, from 36.2% на 30.3%.

What news brings us 2009?

2009 started in Romania in force, with plenty of news.

Besides the economic crisis is being felt more and more, creating a turbulent economic environment, we have a new Government, which from the first steps took many decision, contested and generating multiple changes. Last but not least, from the 1st of January 2009 many legislative changes shall became effective, some already approved in previous years, but which take effect only after that date, others very fresh.

I will therefore try to review the main changes brought by the beginning of 2009 which are affecting the business environment. read more»

Tax revenue from rents

National Tax Administration from Romania (ANAF) includes the amounts derived from the rental contracts within the category of incomes obtained from self-employment. Exceptions are contracts to lease agricultural goods. According to the Fiscal Code, are treated as income from rents all income, in cash and / or in kind, resulted from the giving up of the use of movable and immovable property acquired by the owner, beneficial owner or other legal owner.

On the charge, there will be:

  • tax net income, the rate of 16% - compared with 12% share of the gross income from property disposal use;
  • tax net income, the rate of 5.5% CASS - like any income derived from independent activities

Regarding the taxation, the person who derives income from property disposal use has the obligation to fill in, until the 15 of May next year, the form 200 "Declaration on income made", code

Gross minimum wage has increased to 600 lei from the 1st of January 2009

From the 1st of January 2009, according to the GD 1051/2008, the basic national minimum gross salary , in Romania, has been increased from 540 lei to 600 lei per month for a full time working programmme of 170 hours per month, representing the 3,529 Ron/ hour.

At the minimum wage stated above, coefficients corresponding to each job are applied. For example:

  • to employees that are qualified, the coefficient of 1.2 is applied so that they will have a minimum gross salary of 720 RON.
  • to employees with University degree, the coefficient of 2 is applied, so that they will have a minimum gross salary of 1200 RON.

Failure to respect these provisions represents contravention and is punished by fine from 1000 to 2000 RON.

Tax rate for micro-companies increased from the 1st of January 2009

Tax rate for the incomes of the micro-companies increased from 2.5% to 3% from the 1st of January 2009, according to art. 107 of the Fiscal Code.

In order to benefit of the advantage of the fiscal policy for micro-companies, companies which choose this option should meet on December 31st of the previous fiscal year, cumulative, conditions laid down in Article 103 of the Fiscal Code:

  1. to achieve revenue, other than those of consulting and management, the proportion of over 50% of total revenues;
  2. to have at least 1 employee and maximum 9 employees;
  3. to make annual income not exceeding the equivalent in RON of 100,000 euros
  4. the registered capital of the legal person to be detained by natural or legal persons other than the State, local authorities and public institutions.

Return to pay tax  read more»

Social contributions decreased in December 2008 and increased again in January 2009

Unfortunately, the estimations from December 2008 regarding the contributions to the social insurances payed by the employer were partially modified, on the increase, beginning with 2009.

Thus, through the Emergency Ordinance no. 255 that refers to some budgetary-financial measures published on 30.12.2008, (that completes art. 18, second paragraph from Law 19/2000 regarding the public pension system and other social insurances rights), the quota of the contributions of social insurances are established beginning with the 1st of January 2009, as it follows: read more»

Fiscal facilities "repealed" by the anticrisis plan

The New Executive Body in Bucharest adopted on the 30rd of  December 2008 a series of measures agains the crisis effects, cancelling some of the measures against the crisis just promoted by the old Government.

One of the main provisions agains the crisis promoted by the new Government is the elimination of the new tax incentives, specifically the 5% bonus to prepay taxes, paid for fast payment of obligations to the state budget. Another measure of fiscal loosening eliminated is the one relative to the bonus received by the employers who create new jobs. read more»

Identity Compass® 2009

We are glad to announce that 2009 brings excellent news concerning the evolution of Identity Compass® on national and international level. March has a flying start with the licensing training organized in Arad and sustained by Adela Cristea during the 12th – 14th March, and also the first Worldwide Trainer & Consultant meeting.

This Worldwide Trainer & Consultant meeting will take place to Barcelona (Spain) during 21st - 22nd March, bringing together Identity Compass® trainers & consultants from Germany, UK, Spain, Italy, Russia, Sweden, Indonesia, India, Brazil, Poland, South Africa, Venezuela, Portugal, Croatia, Serbia, USA, Romania, who will have the opportunity to discuss with Arne Maus and Dr. Scheffer about latest insights. read more»

Jordan Sheppard România launches the Program "Consultancy at Crisis Time'

Jordan Sheppard Romania, the local branch of the British headhunting company JordanSheppard, launches the program "Consultancy at Crisis Time", targeting both companies who wish to better adapt their HR strategy to the current economic context, as well as professionals who wish to have a realistic insight into the labor market and to be assisted in their careers.

The program will be in place for two months. Further details about it can be obtained contacting the office of Jordan Sheppard Romania, tel: +40 21 569 3672 or by email, contact person: Elena Ionescu.

How much it costs us an employee in the Republic of Moldova?

The moment when a new member of the team is being recruited within the company, the employer assumes, beside the salary, some other expenses as, for example, the assurance of a safe and well organized working place, expenses related to the materials he-she will consume and obviously the mandatory taxes for the state budget.

We will analyse further on the situation of the Republic of Moldova regarding the taxes which the employer has to support for his own employees.

Thus, in agreement with the legislation from the Republic of Moldova, each employer is obliged to calculate and retain each month different taxes regarding his own employees taking into account the exemptions claimed by the employee, the contributions or the bonuses calculated in accordance to the decisions made by the Major Fiscal State Inspectorate, The Medical Insurance National House and The National Social Insurances House of the Republic of Moldova. read more»

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